Chinese Characters

  • 04 January, 2018
  • Paula Chao
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“Fitting in in Chinese” is a special series on Chinese to Go, which is jointly produced by the Chinese Language Center of Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages and Radio Taiwan International.

 

Episode 32

 

Chinese characters 

 

Every language has root words, as does Chinese. In this episode we build from basic characters and expand them into compound words, sentences and paragraphs.

1

Rèn

否認
(Fǒurèn)
deny, refute

那個小偷承認偷車,但是否認殺人。
(Nàgè xiǎotōu chéngrèn tōu chē, dànshì fǒurèn shārén.)
The thief confessed to stealing the car, but denied having murdered anyone.

承認
(Chéngrèn)
admit, confess

我承認錯了,請你原諒我。
(Wǒ chéngrèn cuòle, qǐng nǐ yuánliàng wǒ.)
I admit that I was wrong. Please forgive me.

認真
(Rènzhēn)
diligent, serious

學生認真上課,是老師最高興的事了!
(Xuéshēng rènzhēn shàngkè, shì lǎoshī zuìgāo xìng de shìle!)
Diligent students are a teacher’s greatest happiness!
認為
(Rènwéi)
to think, consider

你認為他們兩個人是認真的嗎?
(Nǐ rènwéi tāmen liǎng gè rén shì rènzhēn de ma?)
Do you think those two are serious about each other?


(Yóu) 

郊遊
(Jiāoyóu)
to travel in the countryside

春天很適合到郊外去郊遊、野餐。
(Chūntiān hěn shìhé dào jiāowài qù jiāoyóu, yěcān.)
Spring is highly suitable for walks in the country and picnics.

導遊
(Dǎoyóu)
tour guide

我們導遊的知識很豐富。
(Wǒmen dǎoyóu de zhīshì hěn fēngfù)
Our tour guide is very knowledgeable.

遊記
(Yóujì)
travel log

我從出發的第一天就開始寫遊記了。
(Wǒ cóng chūfā de dì yī tiān jiù kāishǐ xiě yóujìle.)
From the very first day of my trip, I started keeping this diary.

遊戲
(Yóuxì)
game
不論大人、小孩都愛玩這種遊戲。
(Bùlùn dàrén, xiǎohái dōu àiwán zhè zhǒng yóuxì.)
It doesn’t matter if you’re young or old, everyone likes this game.


(Zì)

親自
(Qīnzì)
personally, in person

你得要親自到銀行去開戶。
(Nǐ dé yào qīnzì dào yínháng qù kāihù.)
You must go to the bank in person to open an account.

私自
(Sīzì)
privately, on one’s own initiative

團體旅遊就不能私自行動。
(Tuántǐ lǚyóu jiù bùnéng sīzì xíngdòng.)
When traveling with a tour group, you aren’t able to act on your own initiative.

自助
(Zìzhù)
self-help, self-serve

這是自助式的,沒有服務員。
(Zhè shì zìzhù shì de, méiyǒu fúwùyuán.)
This is a self-serve place, with no service staff.

自私
(Zìsī)
selfish, self-centered

你讓整個團體等你一個人,真是太自私了!
(Nǐ ràng zhěnggè tuántǐ děng nǐ yīgèrén, zhēnshi tài zìsīliǎo!)
You kept the entire tour group waiting just for you! You are really too selfish!

Listening Practice:

 

Please listen to see how much you comprehend.

 

1. 如果你認為我跟他快要結婚了,那你就錯了。我承認我們兩個人都很認真,但是我否認「快要結婚」的這種消息。
(Rúguǒ nǐ rènwéi wǒ gēn tā kuàiyào jiéhūnle, nà nǐ jiù cuòle. Wǒ chéngrèn wǒmen liǎng gè rén dōu hěn rènzhēn, dànshì wǒ fǒurèn 'kuàiyào jiéhūn'de zhè zhǒng xiāoxī.)


If you think I’m marrying him soon, you’re mistaken. I do admit that we’re “serious”, but deny the news that we’re getting married soon.

 

2. 導遊說:出國旅遊跟當天來回的郊遊很不一樣,郊遊可以帶吃的、喝的,玩遊戲用的東西,你想帶多少東西都可以。可是旅遊就不一樣了,帶的行李越少越好,一台相機、一本本子,一枝筆寫遊記就夠了。
(Dǎoyóu shuì: Chūguó lǚyóu gēn dàngtiān láihuí de jiāoyóu hěn bù yīyàng, jiāoyóu kěyǐ dài chī de, hē de, wán yóuxì yòng de dōngxī, nǐ xiǎng dài duō shào dōngxī dū kěyǐ kěshì lǚyóu jiù bù yīyàngle, dài de xínglǐ yuè shǎo yuè hǎo, yī tái xiàngjī, yī běnběn zi, yīzhī bǐ xiě yóujì jiù gòule.)


The tour guide says, “Traveling abroad is completely different from a one day trip to the countryside. When taking a trip to the country, you can carry your own food and drinks, and bring along any games you might want to play. You can bring whatever you like. However, touring is different. The less baggage you carry, the better – one camera, one notebook and one pen for writing your travel diary is enough.”

 

3. 這是我們幾個好朋友私自邀約的團體旅遊,不是對外公開的,所以旅費比較便宜。有些事你得親自動手做,也不能很自私的只管你自己,除了自助以外,還要助人。

(Zhè shì wǒmen jǐ gè hǎo péngyǒu sīzì yāoyuē de tuántǐ lǚyóu, bùshì duìwài gōngkāi de, suǒyǐ lǚfèi bǐjiào piányí. Yǒuxiē shì nǐ dé qīnzì dòngshǒu zuò, yě bùnéng hěn zìsī de zhǐguǎn nǐ zìjǐ, chúle zìzhù yǐwài, hái yào zhùrén.)


This tour group is made up of several good friends who have privately gotten together to travel, and is not open to outsiders. Consequently, the travel expenses are relatively inexpensive. Some things you will have to take care of personally, and you cannot selfishly think only of yourself. In addition to helping yourself, you will also have to help other members of the group.